Thursday, February 19, 2015

Chapters 3-5 (pg 43-85)

1. Description

Chapter 3:

          This chapter focuses on how Henry Ford whole heatedly hates war. Many at the time even call him a pacifist. On the brink of World War I, Ford is trying to stop the United States from joining the war by any means possible, he takes this up as his devotion during the time period. His direct enemy during the time period was Theodore Roosevelt. The two would continuously go back and forth over how Ford disliked war and that Roosevelt was trying to start a war. Ford believed that industry could end all wars, he believed that if everyone worked for an industrial factory, that they would have something to do and wouldn’t be inclined to go to war. Ford was also an advocate for desecrating all federal borders, he thought that with the help of industrialism, national borders could dissolve and intern, war would seize.

Chapter 4:

          The chapter begins with Ford fighting various public opinions that he couldn't read. This was often the public opinion, but he didn't do anything to diminish it. Behind closed doors he enjoyed reading Emerson, because he believed that nature when intertwined with industry is taking full advantage of nature’s beauty. Ford also advocated for a “one foot in agriculture, one foot in industry,” policy. He believed that people had a downtime season whether in industry or agriculture, and during that time they should do the other profession. In an area called the Upper Peninsula which is in upstate Michigan near the great lakes, Ford purchased a huge tract of land that would be almost the size of his future Amazonian venture. In this area, he created various lumber towns that would also be able to practice agriculture. This idea is one that eventually dwarfs into his Fordlandia in Brazil. Earlier in the book it talks of how Ford pays $5 a day, but with that he enforces very strict rules. Now, this has become even worse, he has a team of men that are in the factories who scare workers into working faster and faster and to help cut down production times. Families and observers think this is quite harsh and equates to a form of slavery through industry.

Chapter 5:

          This chapter goes into the beginnings of Ford actually acquiring Fordlandia. A man named De Lima, is one of the people who are openly talking ford into purchasing the land, by telling him about the riches of rubber that ford could harvest there. But more importantly are the people who are working to get Ford to purchase the lot behind the scenes. Villares, who was a wealthy man in Brazil, did a lot of the behind the scene work. He secured rights form the Brazilian government to actually sell the land to Ford, but while doing this there was a lot of bribery going on because Villares could make a lot of money. Villares had paid off a couple of Ford’s men so that they would support the purchase, and eventually Villares went and talked to ford himself in Detroit offering up the land. 

2. Themes


Chapter 3 has a deep connection with the entire world. One of the main issues in the chapter is how the US will, or won’t join in on the World War that was plaguing Europe. The chapter talks of how Ford tried to send a ship to Europe to have a diplomatic peace, but that failed miserably. When US actually entered the war, even Ford converted some of his factories to aid in the war effort.


One of the things Ford tries to do, is integrate the future, industry, with the past, agriculture. He thinks that if these two mix then there will be a perfect world. Ford also hates the cow, reasons for this aren’t discussed but he thinks there are too many useless by products. Soybeans are what Ford thinks can be the savior of the world, ford comes up and uses various different soy foods and oils ranging from milk to car lubricants. The other very important thing that Ford tries to do is use everything from his lumber mills. He wants to get the most out of the environment and uses all of the scraps and some even end up in charcoal as the now biggest charcoal company.

3. Outline

Businesses and foreign policymakers increasingly looked outside U.S. borders in effort to gain greater influence and control over markets and nature resources in the Pacific, Asia, and Latin America. (Key Concept 6.1 1 B.)

Ford does the initially with expanding his car production into various Latin America countries. During WWI he can’t expand into Europe because it’s too difficult for the business, but in this time he built and sells cars within Latin America and eventually becomes the largest car company in the region controlling more than 60% of the sector. 

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